Citation

Material Information

Title:
Planetarium: Early Mars Exploration
Creator:
Rusho, John ( Speaker )
Roby, Scott ( Speaker )
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2021

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Quest 2021
Mars

Notes

Abstract:
Early Mars Exploration John Rusho (Physics) Aside from its apparent motion in the sky, the earliest explorations of Mars were only possible by telescope. Advancing instrumentation revealed Mars to be considerably Earthlike, leading to abundant speculation, much of which was incorrect. With the advent of Earth satellites and space probes, physical exploration of Mars with spacecraft began on October 10th 1960, with the launch of the first attempted flyby mission by the Soviets, which failed. Together, the Soviet Union and the United States launched twenty-three missions to Mars by the end of the 1970’s. Sixteen of these missions failed. Notable successes were: First flyby (Mariner 4, USA, 1965), First impact (Mars 2, USSR, 1971), First lander and rover on the Martian surface (Mars 3, USSR. 1971), First orbiter (Mariner 9, USA, 1971), Extended operation from the surface (Vikings 1 and 2, USA, 1976). Details from these landmark missions will be presented.
Acquisition:
Collected for SUNY Oswego Institutional Repository by the online self-submittal tool. Submitted by Zach Vickery.

Record Information

Source Institution:
SUNY Oswego Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
SUNY Oswego
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.

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